Irina Erenburg and she Paleeva: Wonderful story of mutual rescue the daughter of a famous writer and girls, nearly shot by the Nazis
The fate of Irina Erenburg and Feiga Fishman unthinkable way crossed in a time of war. The adult woman and the teenage girl by then already both knew bitterness of…

Continue reading →

The arbiter of fate: How did the famous Russian writers of the Silver age get a start in life thanks to Zinaida hippius
Perhaps, there was no more controversial figure in the Russian literary society of the Silver age than Zinaida hippius. She was considered one of the most beautiful and intelligent women…

Continue reading →

Was there a real prototype of the vampire Gella from the novel “the Master and Margarita” by Bulgakov

A lot of researches of Mikhail Bulgakov’s novel “Master and Margarita” have been carried out. It seems that there is not a single white spot left in this work, everything is analyzed and systematized. Almost every character was able to identify and find his prototype among the real people. However, in the case of Gella to a consensus about who became the prototype for the vampire girl, the researchers of Bulgakov’s work did not come.

Mysterious character

Biographers and researchers of creativity of Mikhail Bulgakov believe that the name for young ladies-vampire retinue of Woland, the writer found in the mythological dictionary. In fact, in Greek mythology, can be detected mention of Hella, daughter of Namely, goddess of clouds. However, the ancient Greek Hella drowned and did not take part in any atrocities. Perhaps, choosing a name for his heroine, the author was guided by the sound. However, the name Gella is found in other countries and peoples.

In drafts writer the researchers were able to find some names for vampires: Lamia, Hella, Mormolyke and Empusa. These names are United by only one factor: so in different areas named vampires or ghosts. In the earliest editions of the novel the Gella do not, and the only woman of the retinue of Woland called Martha.

Gella Bulgakov gave the appearance of a bizarre, but unpleasant: spots of decay, very ugly and very noticeable scar on the neck, phosphoric eyes and red hair. In the description of Gella Bulgakov generous use of adjectives, emphasizing the similarity of a vampire, a living corpse.
Find a prototype of a fictional character in real life was somewhat more difficult than in mythology. However, the researchers still ventured to make the assumption that the heroine could be two real prototype.

Olga Sergeevna Bokshanskaya

Some researchers are inclined to believe that the writer gave his Gella certain qualities of Olga Bokshanskaya, Secretary of the Directorate of the Moscow Art theater. She was the elder sister of the third wife of the writer, the same Elena Sergeevna, who became the main prototype of Margarita from the novel.

Olga Bokshanskaya was already brought before the reader in the way Polixeni Toropetskiy from the “Theatrical novel” by Bulgakov. Perhaps the writer decided to use her image for the second time. The fact that the relationship between Bulgakov and Bokshanskaya did not develop, the writer had a dislike for a relative, as mentioned in his letters.

Perhaps that kinship ties explains a care of Gella concerning Margarita in the way of the witches and even the role of prom Queen.

Sophia Lvovna Perovskaya

Some researchers of Bulgakov’s novel find in the prototype of Gella a trace of a certain noble woman who committed a crime. Given that in the early editions of the novel the heroine was Martha, we can draw an analogy with the secret organization of “first-Martians”, terrorists who committed the murder of the Russian Emperor Alexander II.

For this crime was sentenced to death and hanged together with his colleagues Sophia Lvovna Perovskaya. In favor of this version of says, above all, the very ugly scar on neck Gella’s.

Not trapped in hell

Gella, in contrast to the rest of Woland’s retinue, not mentioned in the scene of the last flight. Perhaps Bulgakov did not honor her with his attention in this scene because of her “lower” position in the hierarchy of evil spirits.

Vampires, according to folklore, remain in the real world, where there are living people. After Woland and his faithful servant was transformed, Gella could return to its natural state, that is, become a normal dead girl.

However, there is also an opinion that the writer simply forgot to mention Gell in the last scene of the shootings. It should also be remembered that the preparation of the novel for publication and its final editing was carried out after the death of Mikhail Afanasievich Bulgakov.

What was fantasy before "the Hobbit" and "the Lord of the rings": 10 stories that inspired Tolkien
For many readers journey in genre fantasy began with Professor John Ronald Ruel Tolkien. "Hobbit", "Lord of the rings" or even Peter Jackson's screen version... these stories "hooked" millions of…

...

Irina Erenburg and she Paleeva: Wonderful story of mutual rescue the daughter of a famous writer and girls, nearly shot by the Nazis
The fate of Irina Erenburg and Feiga Fishman unthinkable way crossed in a time of war. The adult woman and the teenage girl by then already both knew bitterness of…

...

Inconvenient Mikhail Sholokhov: Who and why attempted the life of the Soviet Nobel laureate
A famous writer, Nobel prize winner in literature led a modest, almost reclusive life. He spent his bonuses, as they would say, on charity, and he was not afraid of…

...

When a husband 20 years younger and wiser of a lifetime: hard-won happiness of Anna Kern
Her name became known thanks to Alexander Pushkin, who dedicated his poem "I remember a wonderful moment"to Anna Kern. By the time she met the poet, she was already married,…

...

What recipes Dumas, Odoyevsky, Hugo and other famous writers shared in their cookbooks
It would be a mistake to underestimate cookbooks – the importance of cooking is evidenced by the fact that in France the first collection of recipes was released immediately after…

...