Was there a real prototype of the vampire Gella from the novel “the Master and Margarita” by Bulgakov
A lot of researches of Mikhail Bulgakov’s novel “Master and Margarita” have been carried out. It seems that there is not a single white spot left in this work, everything is analyzed and systematized. Almost every character was able to identify and find his prototype among the real people. However, in the case of Gella to a consensus about who became the prototype for the vampire girl, the researchers of Bulgakov’s work did not come.
Biographers and researchers of creativity of Mikhail Bulgakov believe that the name for young ladies-vampire retinue of Woland, the writer found in the mythological dictionary. In fact, in Greek mythology, can be detected mention of Hella, daughter of Namely, goddess of clouds. However, the ancient Greek Hella drowned and did not take part in any atrocities. Perhaps, choosing a name for his heroine, the author was guided by the sound. However, the name Gella is found in other countries and peoples.
In drafts writer the researchers were able to find some names for vampires: Lamia, Hella, Mormolyke and Empusa. These names are United by only one factor: so in different areas named vampires or ghosts. In the earliest editions of the novel the Gella do not, and the only woman of the retinue of Woland called Martha.
Gella Bulgakov gave the appearance of a bizarre, but unpleasant: spots of decay, very ugly and very noticeable scar on the neck, phosphoric eyes and red hair. In the description of Gella Bulgakov generous use of adjectives, emphasizing the similarity of a vampire, a living corpse.
Find a prototype of a fictional character in real life was somewhat more difficult than in mythology. However, the researchers still ventured to make the assumption that the heroine could be two real prototype.
Olga Sergeevna Bokshanskaya
Some researchers are inclined to believe that the writer gave his Gella certain qualities of Olga Bokshanskaya, Secretary of the Directorate of the Moscow Art theater. She was the elder sister of the third wife of the writer, the same Elena Sergeevna, who became the main prototype of Margarita from the novel.
Olga Bokshanskaya was already brought before the reader in the way Polixeni Toropetskiy from the “Theatrical novel” by Bulgakov. Perhaps the writer decided to use her image for the second time. The fact that the relationship between Bulgakov and Bokshanskaya did not develop, the writer had a dislike for a relative, as mentioned in his letters.
Perhaps that kinship ties explains a care of Gella concerning Margarita in the way of the witches and even the role of prom Queen.
Sophia Lvovna Perovskaya
Some researchers of Bulgakov’s novel find in the prototype of Gella a trace of a certain noble woman who committed a crime. Given that in the early editions of the novel the heroine was Martha, we can draw an analogy with the secret organization of “first-Martians”, terrorists who committed the murder of the Russian Emperor Alexander II.
For this crime was sentenced to death and hanged together with his colleagues Sophia Lvovna Perovskaya. In favor of this version of says, above all, the very ugly scar on neck Gella’s.
Not trapped in hell
Gella, in contrast to the rest of Woland’s retinue, not mentioned in the scene of the last flight. Perhaps Bulgakov did not honor her with his attention in this scene because of her “lower” position in the hierarchy of evil spirits.
Vampires, according to folklore, remain in the real world, where there are living people. After Woland and his faithful servant was transformed, Gella could return to its natural state, that is, become a normal dead girl.
However, there is also an opinion that the writer simply forgot to mention Gell in the last scene of the shootings. It should also be remembered that the preparation of the novel for publication and its final editing was carried out after the death of Mikhail Afanasievich Bulgakov.