For that shot and sent to the camps for schoolchildren and students from the literature club
In early February 1952, a trial was held in Moscow for a week. Accused students who organized an alternative literary circle. However, over half of the team, his goals have changed. However, in the last months of activity, students and first-year students were under the watchful supervision of “outdoor activities”. Of the 16 people, three were sentenced to death, and three were sentenced to 10 years in camps. The rest of the ten gave 25 years.
They were just students. They believed in a bright future, read a lot, enjoyed the opening of the children’s library. One of the high school girls was Susanna Pechuro. She remembered how every good book was passed from hand to hand. However, then librarians this practice began to stop that the book could get to children from other schools of the area.
After classes, many students hurried to the Palace of pioneers. Some were engaged in dancing, others singing, and others hurried to the literary circle. There read and discussed books, tried to write something worthwhile.
For lovers of literature circle actually became a second home. Even after high school some teenagers have continued to come to class, bring your poems, discussed the work of famous writers.
There was a certain program, and all wanted the children to discuss moreover, it was necessary to specify in advance. Controversial works are at once rejected. However, all the situation was understood and open conflicts did not happen.
Later arose the Manager and participants for the innocent, in General the poems of the graduate school of the future. The teacher did not understand the girl’s confusion, explaining that the Soviet man’s future can only be bright.
Boris Slutsky was with the teacher does not agree, his opinion about the poem was much less categorical than the teacher. Not finding understanding, Boris announced his exit from the club. He was followed by other participants. Soon an alternative circle was organized at Boris’s house.
At home Boris had a huge, absolutely amazing library. Here peacefully adjoined works of classics of Russian literature with numerous volumes of works of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. At the same time, Vladimir Lenin’s publications were in early editions.
Inquisitive young people began to study the works of Vladimir Ilyich, then compared them with the thoughts of comrade Stalin. And suddenly it turned out that many of the ideas voiced by Vladimir Ulyanov, have long been distorted and lost their original meaning.
Over time, long conversations about literature turned into dialogues about life, about the political structure of the country. Boris Slutsky was the first to declare his intention to fight for Lenin’s ideals. Many members of the literary circle supported Boris, Vladilen Furman was the first to stand next to his friend, and later Susanna Pechuro joined them.
The creation of the Union of struggle for the cause of revolution in August 1950 was completely spontaneous. The participants had no plan, only a desire to make life better, arranging it on the principles of justice, as bequeathed to Lenin.
Young people and teenagers took the example of the revolutionary conspirators: to invent aliases, acquired by the hectograph, which was used to print leaflets, which then spread among young people. New members were appearing in the organization. Came to former members of the literature club, Yevgeny Gurevich.
However, he quickly withdrew from the organization, unable to find understanding with other participants in the question of methods of struggle. Evgeny considered fair conduct small-scale terrorist attacks, Slutsky and Furman such views are not shared.
Crime and punishment
In the last months of the organization’s existence, all its members were under surveillance. However, the “observers” did not even think to hide. Young people believed: denunciation of former students wrote the head of the literary circle.
Whatever it was, in January 1951 began the arrests of young people and adolescents. They came at night, looking for banned literature, seized books. Young people were immediately taken to prison.
The investigation lasted for a year. No one could have imagined that the verdict would be so cruel. Yesterday’s students and schoolchildren were accused of creating a terrorist organization, the purpose of which was to overthrow and even eliminate the leadership of the USSR. However, even the then Minister of the IYB Abakumov recommended that the members of the organization be flogged and punished not too severely.
But the beginning of the cleaning staff changed all that. Abakumov was accused of connivance with members of the youth Trotskyist organization. Abakumov himself, even under arrest, refused to admit the guilt of schoolchildren, reasonably believing that further conversations with these underground children were not going.
But the court considered this case with all severity. As a result, Boris Slutsky, Evgeny Gurevich and Vladilen Furman were sentenced to death as organizers.
The three participants had a completely indirect relationship to the “Union”, they were only related to the participants and did not engage in any underground activities. But Galina Smirnova, Tamara Rabinovich and Nina Uflyand were sentenced to 10 years. The remaining 10 people received 25 years of camps.
In 1956, the case was reviewed, the surviving participants were reduced terms and released under Amnesty. In 1986, the victims were rehabilitated.