The irreparable loss of Agniya Barto: From what troubles the poet sought salvation in creativity
February 17 marks 113 years since the birth of the famous Soviet writer, author of poems for children Agni Barto. Her books were published in huge editions, poems translated into many languages, it is with her works for many generations of children began acquaintance with poetry. These are facts well known to all. But that work became her salvation after experienced shocks, few know. From what he sought salvation and oblivion Agniya Barto in the literature in the following review.
The future writer was born in 1906 in the family of a veterinarian. According to some reports, at birth she was named Hetel Leibovna Volova – her parents were Jews – but information about this name is not confirmed in her official biographies. In addition, even the year of her birth is not known for sure: all encyclopedias indicate 1906, but her daughter claims that in fact she was born in 1907 and at the age of 17 added one year to her documents to get a job. And the name Barto is not a literary pseudonym, she got her first husband, the writer Paul Barto, whom she left at age 18.
The father of Agnes was very fond of Krylov, knew by heart almost all of his fables and often read their daughters, since childhood, infecting her passion for literature. In the autobiography of the poet later admitted: “I started writing Poetry in early childhood, in the first years of high school devoted them mainly in love “pink marquises”. Well, poets are supposed to write about love, and I paid full tribute to this topic when I was about eleven years old.” However, soon replaced intimate the lyrics came epigrams on friends and teachers.
In her youth Agnia intended to become a ballerina – she studied at a prestigious high school and studied at a choreographic school. However, the constrained financial situation of the family forced her to get a job as a saleswoman in the shop “Clothes” – his employees were given rations, herring heads, from which it was possible to cook soup. Her literary fate was decided at the graduation party at the choreographic school, where she read her poem “Funeral March” to the accompaniment of a pianist, “while taking tragic poses,” in the words of her daughter. Present at the peoples ‘ Commissariat for education Lunacharsky could hardly keep from laughing, but a few days later caused the young poet to himself and invited her to engage seriously in the literature for children.
However, after graduating from the school of choreography Agnia Barto entered the ballet company, but soon her team emigrated, and her father was against her departure abroad. At this stage of her biography and over. And literary began. Since 1925, she has regularly published her poems for children. During the war, she continued to write children’s poems, speaking with them on the radio and in schools, and even read them to soldiers who cried during her performances, remembering their children.
And at the very end of the war, may 5, 1945, there was a tragedy: the son of Agnia Barto from his first marriage Garik, riding a Bicycle, got under the wheels of a car. He could not be saved – he died on the spot. At that time he was 18 years old. The writer experienced the death of her son very hard and could not cope with this grief. For several years she became isolated, withdrew into himself. The salvation for her was creativity. In 1947 she wrote a poem “Zvenigorod” about children of war left without parents.
A few years later, this poem fell into the hands of a woman who lost contact with her little daughter during the war and could not find her for 10 years. She wrote a letter to Agniya Barto, telling about her trouble, the writer appealed to the police Department, which was engaged in the search for the missing, and a few years later the daughter was found! So Agnia Barto found a new meaning of life – since then she has helped separated by war families to unite. For 9 years she led the radio “lighthouse” program “Find a man” and connected 927 families! Since then, work for her was salvation from all the ills of life. She repeated: “If I do not write a few lines a day, I feel like a mediocrity.” And this attitude to creativity had its fruits: her books were sold in millions of copies, about which Rasul Gamzatov once said: “the Circulation of her books is more than the population of some continents.” And Yuri Gagarin spoke about her works: “This is the first book about the good in my life.”
Many wondered how throughout the life of agnea Barto managed to create such naive and touching, simple and magical children’s poems. The secret was simple: she just loved children and never lost interest in them. Her daughter from her second marriage, Tatiana Soglaeva said: “Mom all my life studied in children, watched them. It was often attached close to the Playground, watched the kids play, listening to what they say. So, “the House moved” she wrote, having heard words of the little girl who watched as move the house at the Stone bridge. Sometimes my mother worked undercover: posing as a member of the district, sat at the last Desk in the class and listened to what the children say. However, once it was declassified by a first-grader girl: “You work in the district? And before working as a writer, I saw you on TV.”
Many of her poems Agnia Barto devoted grandchildren – Volodya and Natasha. Unfortunately, she could see her great-granddaughter only once: Asya was born in January 1981, and in April the writer was gone. She was always very energetic and active, on her 75th birthday she danced, and a month later she was taken to the hospital – it turned out it was a heart attack. Doctors were surprised how she managed to live such a long life – after all, her heart was completely worn out, the vessels were very weak, and it was unclear how the blood entered the heart in the last 10 years. How here not to remember a phrase that Agniya Barto was often repeated: “Almost every person in life there are moments when it does more than”.