Genius-brawler: Because of what Ivan Turgenev quarreled with famous Russian writers
On the books of Ivan Turgenev grew more than one generation. His works make you think, inspire, fascinate. And it’s hard to imagine that their author has earned a reputation as one of the most controversial writers of his time. He quarreled with Dostoevsky, Nekrasov and Goncharov, and Tolstoy even challenged Turgenev to a duel. What was the reason for the writer’s quarrels with his colleagues in Peru?
Ivan Turgenev and Leo Tolstoy
Two talented writers did not agree on the education of the younger generation. Sora had been visiting Athanasius FET and his wife Maria Petrovna during lunch. Maria Petrovna during the meal asked Turgenev opinion about his new English governess hired to raise his daughter. The writer spoke in detail about the methods of education and how the governess teaches her pupil to charity. At first, she asked Ivan Sergeyevich to determine the amount allocated to her daughter for charity, and then made the girl’s participation more active. Pelageya patched clothing of the poor, gave it up and returned it.
Lev Nikolayevich allowed himself to speak pejoratively about this method of education, saying that the girl in lace, patching rags, looks pretty funny. Angry Ivan Sergeyevich asked his colleague to shut up, but Tolstoy considered himself entitled to say whatever he thought. Angry Turgenev left the table and soon went to his estate. Later followed by the correspondence of two writers, which could reconcile quarreling.
However, due to the delay in the reply letter from Turgenev to Tolstoy, Lev Nikolaevich again considered himself offended and offered to shoot. Fortunately, the duel never took place, but to communicate two talented writer stopped for 17 years. Only five years before the death of Ivan Turgenev Tolstoy sent him a letter of apology, which was accepted.
Ivan Turgenev and Ivan Goncharov
The quarrel with Goncharov was much louder and even the arbitration court in the person of Annenkov, Druzhinin, Dudyshkin and Nikitenko was involved in its resolution. Ivan Goncharov publicly accused Turgenev of plagiarism, sincerely believing that the heroes of the “Noble nest” and “on the Eve” borrowed from the passage that the author of “Oblomov” read Turgenev.
However, members of the “arbitration court”, having studied in detail and comparing the two works, no borrowing was found. Ivan Turgenev and Ivan Goncharov have since stopped all communication.
Ivan Turgenev and Fyodor Dostoevsky
Turgenev and Dostoevsky communicated for some time, but there was no special sympathy between them. Turgenev considered the young writer an upstart and braggart, and even with Nekrasov composed a caustic epigram, ridiculing the conceit of Dostoevsky. However, once in a difficult financial situation after losing at a casino in Wiesbaden, Fyodor Mikhailovich asked Ivan Sergeyevich to borrow money. Turgenev lent him half of the requested amount, which Dostoevsky returned only after 11 years.
Fyodor Dostoevsky considered Turgenev, who lived mostly abroad, a crappy man and reproached him for his lack of patriotism. Ivan Turgenev retained his dislike for Dostoevsky even after his death.
Ivan Turgenev and Nikolai Nekrasov
Turgenev and Nekrasov had a long-term friendship. It is known that during his stay in St. Petersburg Ivan visited the poet every day. He arrived in the morning, left if necessary, but returned to dinner and was at Nekrasov before it was necessary to go to events or make evening visits.
They could diverge in financial matters: Turgenev arrived in the “Contemporary” and immediately asked for money. He gave himself Nikolai, and cash lent, however, after the settling of accounts was that the writer owes the publisher no less, and 9000 rubles. But even this fact did not quarrel friends. Nekrasov admitted in their warm attitude towards Turgenev and still were patient and generous to each other.
But the heated debate about Russian and European writers almost put an end to their friendship. Turgenev believed that in Russia there will never be such luminaries of the word as Shakespeare, and Nekrasov gave him the example of Gogol. Besides Nekrasov believed that nothing inspires like the Russian land and native Fatherland. Turgenev, long and well considered Europe their second home, such patriotism is not divided. And even quite strongly expressed for this reason. However, it was thanks to Ivan Turgenev that Europe began to get acquainted with Russian literature.