Literature on the verge: 10 novels, which caused a loud resonance in the society
The reaction of society to the topics and ideas raised by writers can be acute and painful. In this case, around books flare up scandals, they are removed from sale, prohibit the issue in the libraries and even burned. Subsequently, these same pieces can win the highest literary awards and to be put on a par with the best examples of literature. In our review of the book, which at one time came into conflict with the generally accepted moral standards.
Salman Rushdie, “Satanic verses»
The work of Salman Rushdie did not just make a lot of noise. Against “Satanic verses” demonstrations were held in different countries, set fire to bookstores that sold the book, the novel was banned in all Muslim countries, except Turkey, and for the head of the writer appointed a reward of more than three million dollars. The reason for such a reaction was the image of the prophet Muhammad, exhibited in the work in an obscene light. The author still practically does not leave the house, even the special prize of Booker awarded to him in 2008, Salman Rushdie could not pick up personally.
Gustave Flaubert, “Madame Bovary»
In our time, it is impossible to imagine that quite a harmless story of adultery, described by Gustave Flaubert in the novel “Madame Bovary”, could cause a scandal. Gustave Flaubert, editor of the magazine “La Revue de Paris”, where the novel was published, and publishers even called to account through the court. Proponents of morality were offended to the core, but the court acquitted the defendants. At the same time after the verdict it became clear that the book will be a bestseller.
Vladimir Nabokov, “Lolita»
After the publication in 1955 in the French publishing house Olympia Press of Vladimir Nabokov’s novel “Lolita”, real battles between literary critics and ordinary readers unfolded around the work. Some called the story of the molestation of a 12-year-old girl a high-quality literary work, others considered the novel a dirty book. The noise around the work of Vladimir Nabokov played a role and American publishers agreed to print the book, the release of which was initially denied to the author. In three weeks, the circulation of 100 thousand copies literally disappeared from the shelves. The author of “Lolita” began to receive very decent payments, which allowed him to leave teaching and settle in Switzerland.
James Joyce, “Ulysses»
Today, James Joyce’s novel is called the pinnacle of modernist literature, and in 1920 against the magazine “Little Review”, published fragments of “Ulysses”, the new York society for the eradication of vices filed a case and accused of disrespect for the English monarchy, excessive naturalism and even pornography. One of the issues of the magazine was seized, the editor-in-chief was forced to pay a large fine. However, all this contributed to the wide spread of the novel. In France in 1922 “Ulysses” was published as a separate book, in 1934 the novel was published in the USA, in 1936 – in great Britain. In Ireland, the publication of the work of James Joyce was allowed only in the 1960s.
William Golding, “Lord of the flies»
In the 1960s, William Golding’s novel entered the U.S. school curriculum, and in 1954 it was considered completely uninteresting and absurd. The work trampled faith in the bright essence of man, opened it from the other side. In extreme conditions, the boys choristers, who found themselves on a desert island, suddenly showed their worst qualities and in a short time turned to the level of cultural development of primitive people.
The struggle for survival by any means available, the worship of the idol and the all-consuming evil that lives within each person, all this could not please. The subsequent success of the novel contributed a lot editor Charles Monteith, who gave the work a new name (originally the novel was called “the Strangers who appeared from the inside”), excluded the most creepy scenes and in 1955 the book, released in paperback, became a bestseller. The author subsequently received the Nobel prize for his work.
Boris Pasternak, “Doctor Zhivago»
At home, Boris Pasternak in the publication of the novel “Doctor Zhivago” consistently denied all publishers, in which he appealed. Fortunately, by the time the writer has already managed to forward the manuscript to Italy. Thanks to the assistance of the publisher Giangiacomo Feltrinelli book was published in the autumn of 1957. And in the Soviet Union began a real persecution of the writer. A special scope of the company against Pasternak gained after the news of the award of the Nobel prize in literature. In the USSR, the novel was published only 28 years after the writer’s death, in 1988.
Aldous Huxley, “A brave new world»
An anti-utopian novel at the time of its appearance in 1932 literally provoked a flurry of criticism. It seemed that the ideal model of the state in which everyone is happy, described in a satirical manner was only to make the reader think. But many Parallels with the social structure of the time made the reader feel not a person, but only a small detail, designed to work for the benefit of the state machine. Today, Aldous Huxley is called a classic of dystopia, and in the 1930s, the model of the future described by the author did not fit into the generally accepted norms.
JD Salinger, “catcher in the rye»
For nearly 20 years, Salinger’s novel has been the most banned book in American schools. The author was accused of promoting drunkenness and debauchery, rebellion and anarchy. In addition, fans of the book were so dubious person as John Hinckley, attempted Ronald Reagan, Lennon’s killer mark Chapman and even maniac Robert John Bardo.
Stephen Chbosky, “Good to be a wallflower»
The heartwarming story of an American teenager, published in 1999, not all readers are forced to empathize with the protagonist. Charlie in his letters to a friend describes his life in such detail and realistically that after reading it is difficult to get rid of the feeling of spying on a teenager in the keyhole. Many scenes of violence, detailed description of sexual contacts, alcohol and drugs, all this is part of Charlie’s life. Association of American librarians, and today includes a product Chbosky in the list of prohibited issuing of books. In 2012, the premiere of the film “it’s Good to be quiet”, directed by the author of the novel. At the Toronto film festival, the film received a special prize “Independent spirit”.
Bret Easton Ellis, “American psycho»
The protagonist Patrick Bateman, a Harvard graduate and an employee of a reputable company, becomes a maniac and begins to kill, mercilessly and haphazardly. The most detailed scenes of sex and violence described in the novel became the reason of the burst scandal. Bret Easton Ellis himself received threatening letters. The first publisher preferred to pay the penalty under the contract, but to refuse to release the novel. But even after the book was published, many bookstores did not want to see it on their shelves.