Personal order of comrade Stalin: 5 books that were written on the instructions of the “leader of the peoples»
Works written by Soviet authors in the period of formation and heyday of the USSR, today is quite difficult to perceive by readers. Some of the writers believed in Communist ideas, and someone had to write, squeezing loud slogans into the works, so that strict censorship allowed the work to be published. However, there were books that were written on the personal instructions of Joseph Stalin. In this case, from the pen of the talented authors often came out strong works.
Mikhail Sholokhov “virgin soil upturned»
There is no direct evidence that the “Raised virgin lands” was written by order of the Soviet authorities.However, many researchers of Mikhail Sholokhov’s work agree that the novel was written at the personal request of Joseph Stalin. The author himself reported: the work was created on the rise and in hot pursuit of collectivization.
Mikhail Sholokhov at the time of writing “Raised virgin lands” has already managed to release his landmark work “Quiet don”, which caused a lot of controversy about the authorship. The trial was conducted on the personal instructions of Joseph Vissarionovich and left no doubt about the ownership of the novel by Peru Sholokhov. Perhaps it was after this that the cooperation of the writer with the head of the country began.
Mikhail Sholokhov, having started writing “Raised virgin lands”, was on the rise and finished the first part in record time. However, the second part went very hard. At this time, the consequences of collectivization were already visible. Mikhail Sholokhov repeatedly wrote to Stalin about the plight of ordinary people who were dying of hunger. Despite the fact that additional food was sent to the South of Russia, this did not save the situation. The second part of the novel was almost ready when, in 1942, during the bombing of the village of Veshenskaya, the manuscript was lost. Restored Mikhail Sholokhov her for several years. As a result, the second part of the novel was published in 1959.
Orest Maltsev, “Yugoslav tragedy»
At the end of 1950-ies there has been a serious problem in the leadership of the USSR with Yugoslavia. The unwillingness of a friendly country to submit to Stalin’s authority led to the need to discredit the Yugoslav government. Along with political methods were used and literary: Orest Maltsev had to write a novel about the Yugoslav partisans, who were during the war under the command of Josip Broz Tito.
It was necessary for the writer to describe activity of guerrillas in an impartial light. Orest Maltsev coped with the task, his book was awarded the Stalin prize. And then the whole edition was quickly withdrawn from sale. The explanation was simple: the leaders of the two countries found a common language and the need for the book simply disappeared.
Pavel Bazhov “malachite box»
When in the early 1930s came the “leading instruction of the party” on the collection of the Ural proletarian-collective-farm folklore, suddenly it became clear that the oral folk art of the workers ‘and peasants’ layer does not cover. However, not to comply with the order was impossible. Then Pavel Bazhov began to write stories himself, claiming that he heard them in childhood and now just restored. However, later it turned out that all the stories were written by the author. This in no way detracts from the merits of Pavel Bazhov’s work.
The stories turned out to be very colorful, really interesting and instructive. Many believed that these stories are written from someone’s words. Tales were translated into many languages and published in thousands of copies. At the same time, in 1943, the author was awarded the Stalin prize, and the collection of tales became the basis for the production of feature and animated films.
Konstantin Simonov, “someone else’s shadow»
From the pen of Konstantin Simonov came out a lot of works, while the commitment of the party and the government in them is always clearly traced. Simonov’s books never caused complaints from the censors, and he himself took an active part in promoting the ideals of a bright Communist future.
However, the play “Another’s shadow” occupies a very special place in the work of the writer. The work on the development of a new drug that can be used as a bacteriological weapon was written almost in collaboration with Joseph Stalin. Drafts were sent personally to the leader, he made his corrections and corrections. Even the finale of the play Konstantin Simonov changed at the direction of Stalin. The writer’s efforts were rewarded in full: he received another, the sixth Stalin prize for “someone Else’s shadow”.
Alexei Tolstoy’s “Peter The Great»
The writer conceived his work before the October revolution, but the process of preparation could last for many years, if not for Stalin’s personal instructions to start working on the novel.
Joseph Vissarionovich needed a historical hero, whose actions in life did not always meet the understanding and approval of the people, as well as the actions of the father of Nations, but brought dividends in the future. Peter the great Was best suited for this role. At the same time, it was already known that Alexei Tolstoy had been collecting material about the reformer Tsar for a long time.
The novel was published in parts for 16 years, was awarded the Stalin prize, but the author did not have time to finish it, having died of cancer.